Chip load is a term used to describe the amount of material removed by each tooth on a band saw blade during cutting. It is typically measured in inches or millimeters per tooth. The optimal chip load depends on factors such as the blade type, material being cut, and cutting speed. Proper chip load is essential for efficient cutting, effective chip removal, and prolonging blade life. If the chip load is too low or too high, it can result in poor cutting performance or blade damage.